The impact of cumulative changes brought about by human activities is increasingly becoming evident both in terms of development
and more so in the form of deterioration of the environment. The chemicals industry and other related industries supply us with a huge
variety of essential products, from plastics to pharmaceuticals. However, these industries have the potential to seriously damage our
environment, and hence there is a growing demand from society for a reduced reliance on fossil fuels and for greener manufacturing
processes, as well as for future innovations to be built on more sustainable foundations. Green chemistry therefore serves to promote
the design and efficient use of environmentally benign chemicals and chemical processes. Green chemistry, also called sustainable
chemistry, is a philosophy of chemical research and engineering that encourages the design of products and processes that minimize
the use and generation of hazardous substances. . While green chemistry seems to focus on industrial applications, it does apply to any
chemistry choice. Bioengineering is also seen as a promising technique for achieving green chemistry goals. Green chemistry consists
of chemicals and chemical processes designed to reduce or eliminate negative environmental impacts. The use and production of these
chemicals may involve reduced waste products, non-toxic components and improved efficiency. Green chemistry is a highly effective
approach in pollution prevention because it applies innovative scientific solutions to real-world environmental situations. It is
imperative to teach the value of green chemistry to tomorrow’s chemists. However, there lies a difference in that historically synthetic
chemists have not been seen to rank the environment consciousness throughout the world there is a change for chemists to develop
new products, processes and services that achieve necessary social, economical and environmental objectives. This article delineates
an assortment of day to day and industrial applications along with brief description on perspectives of green chemistry.