Buxar district (Bihar, India) is one of the less floristically studied regions of central Gangetic plain. The district lacks dense forests and
its medicinal flora exclusively consists of dicot angiosperms. This paper deals with the wetland medicinal plant diversity of Buxar
district, Bihar and their traditional medicinal uses. Various wetlands and small perennial and seasonal water bodies are found in this
district. Field observation and other literature studies indicated that district Buxar has 26 wetland or aquatic medicinally important
plant species belonging to 23 genera and 18 families of angiosperms. Botanical names, local name, family, and medicinal uses of
species are provided in this paper.